Analyzes and studies on yerba mate have revealed a composition that identifies various nutritional, physiological and medicinal properties in the product, which gives it great potential for exploitation. The master botanist Renato Kaspary published in 1991 about yerba mate and Eunice Valduga in dissertation for the degree of Master (95) bring a lot of information about it.
In the chemical constitution of mate appear:
Alkaloids (caffeine, methylxanthine, theophylline and theobromine), tannins (caffeic and folic acid), vitamins (A, Bi, B2, C and E), minerals (aluminum, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, manganese, and potassium), proteins (essential amino acids), glucides (fructose, glucose, raffinose and sucrose), lipids (essential oils and waxy substances), and cellulose, dextrin, saccharin and gums.
So consider Kaspary, “yerba mate is considered an almost complete food because it contains almost all the necessary nutrients to our body.”
Also the extensive list of therapeutic properties of yerba mate, especially due to the presence of alkaloids, such as caffeine, in its composition.
It is noteworthy that the mate is especially stimulating mental and physical activity, acting beneficially on the nerves and muscles eliminating fatigue. It is also observed that stimulant mate is longer than that of coffee without leaving residual or side effects such as insomnia and irritability. Moreover, yerba mate acts on the circulation, accelerating the heart rate and harmonizes the medullary bulb operation. Also acts on the digestive tract, helps digestion and promotes evacuation and mictação. It is still considered a great remedy for skin and regulatory functions of the heart and respiration, and play an important role in cell regeneration.
The mate, according to international research institutes, is a stimulant tonic of the heart and the nervous system: eliminates depressive states, giving greater capacity for muscle fatigue resistance, without causing side effects. After studies on the physiological effects exerted by yerba mate concluded: The use of infusion increases muscle strength, develops the mental faculties, tones the nervous system, regulates and regenerates the functions of the heart and breathing, helps digestion and provides a sense wellness and vigor in the body without causing any side effects or depressions in the body, such as insomnia, palpitations or nervous agitation caused by other similar drinks, good food permits as (natural) that fatigue and hunger are supported.
Yerba mate contains high proportions of vitamin E effective in regulating sexual functions, in addition to being an indispensable element for the skin.
The analyzes made with the leaves of yerba mate shows that this plant contains vitamins, appearing on a larger scale the B complex; has also calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron and fluorine life essential minerals.
Yerba mate is rich in pantothenic acid, found on a smaller scale in the much-touted royal jelly of bees, much sought after by the medicinal properties it has.